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Wilesco D305


The Wilesco fire engine was introduced in 1987 and is based on an early type; typical of late 19th or early 20th century. It has a steam engine which can drive the wheels or a water pump.

The vertical boiler has a single flue and an Esbit burner. It is 80mm diameter x 120mm high. It has a long thin window type sight glass, covering most of the hight of the boiler. It has a safety valve and a spring type whistle.

Steam is fed, via an in-line steam throttle, to the steam chest. The cylinder is a double acting piston valve with slip eccentric reversing. It is 9.5mm bore x 16mm stroke. It is mounted on a cast alloy frame.

The crank shaft has a large flywheel, approx 75mm diameter, and a small pinnion gear. By means of a lever, the gear can be made to mesh with a larger gear on the pump or a larger gear still for driving the rear wheel.

The pump is a rotary type mounted on the side of the chassis. Water is stored in a tank under the driver's seat. There are two reels on the back of the engine, containing a synthetic rubber hose and an extension, which can be connected to the output of the pump.

The off-side rear wheel is driven via a two stage reduction; a gear stage and a chain final drive.

Steering is done by a wheel at the driver's seat, via a rather clever gear and cam arrangement.

As acquired, there were several parts missing; some essential and some cosmetic. The cylinder cover was missing along with the oiler. I had a spare cover and oiler to hand. The oiler had been broken off so that a new one couldn't be simply screwed in. Fortunately, I was able to drill out the broken remains. The rotating part of the in-line steam throttle was missing, which had to be sourced. The new part didn't fit into the old body so I had to replace the whole valve. Unfortunately, the new replacement is a plastic one whereas the original was metal. The drip tray was missing, which is not essential but not cosmetic either, so I bought a new one. Cosmetic parts missing included the two head lamps and the chimney cowling. I bought two new head lamps but the chimney cowling is still missing. The bell was present but it's hanging bracket was missing. This is, however, just a simple bent wire so could be made easily.

Make Wilesco
Model D305
Made 1987?
Description Fire Engine
Cylinders 1
Cylinder Type double acting reversible
Piston Diam mm 9.5
Stroke mm 16
Valve Type piston
Boiler Type Vertical with single flue
Fuel Tablets
Mechanical Condition Good
Cosmetic Condition Fair
Paintwork Original
Purchased 1/6/2016
Purchase cost 154.50
Additional spend 22.30